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Information on Ireland

Site Index FACTS IN BRIEF
Capital: Dublin
Official Languages: English and Irish
Form of Government: Republic
Head of Government: Taoiseach (Prime Minister)
Bertie Ahern (since 26 June 1997)
Head of State: President Mary McAleese
(since 11 November 1997)
Parliment: Dail (House of Deputies) 166 members - 5 year terms;
Seanad (Senate) 60 members - 5 year terms.
Current Government: Fianna Fail, Progressive Democrat Coalition
Area: 27,136 sq miles (70,280 sq km)
Greatest distance (north-south) 289 miles;
(east-west) 177 miles;
Coastline 1,738 miles.
Elevation: Highest - Carrantuohill (3,414ft);
Lowest - sea level along coast.
Climate: Temperate Maritime
Natural Resources: zinc, lead, natural gas, barite,
copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat, silver
Population: 3,797,257 (July 2000 est.)
40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin
Population growth rate: 1.16% (2000 est.)
Ratio: 0.98 male(s)/female (2000 est.)
Life Expectancy: 76.8 Years
Religions: Roman Catholic 91.6%, Church of Ireland 2.5%,
other 5.9% (1998)
Administrative divisions: 26 counties; Carlow, Cavan, Clare,
Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny,
Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath,
Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Waterford,
Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow
National Holiday: Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March
Economy: Ireland has a modern, trade-dependent economy
with growth averaging a robust 9% in 1995-99. Industry accounts
for 39% of GDP and about 80% of exports and employs 28% of the
labor force, Services 56% and Agriculture 5%.
GDP: - $73.7 billion (1999 est.)
Industries: food products, brewing, textiles,
clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals, machinery, transportation
equipment, glass and crystal; software
Currency: 1 Irish pound = 100 pence until 1/1/2002
From 1/1/2002 - 1 Euro = 100 cents
(European Union common currency).
Transport: Railways: 1,947 km
Roads: 92,500 km (Major nationwide road upgrade in progress)
Waterways: 700 km (navigable by small craft)
Ports and Harbors: Arklow, Cork, Drogheda, Dublin, Foynes,
Galway, Limerick, New Ross, Waterford
Airports - with paved runways: 17 (4 International)

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